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Seminar I - correct, quick and healthy footwork and posture

  • stance
  • posture
  • principles of hand biomechanics - shoulder, elbow, forearm, wrist
  • principles of leg biomechanics - hip joint, knee, ankle, alignment of the foot tip
  • torso as a bridge between legs and hands
  • different types of foot placement in guards
  • types of steps
  • fencing line
  • roles of each foot in single step

Seminar II - basic hand and foot techniques

  • hand/weapon guards - high, wide, low
  • blow, cut, thrust
  • handwork during thrust execution
  • handwork during cut - shoulder, elbow, wrist
    • linear wrist cut and trade (cavazione)
    • linear and circular cuts
  • role of tip and tip trajectories during cut and thrust
  • performing blows and cuts with weapon in single hand
  • footwork accompanying blow and cut
  • cut from top to down
  • diagonal cut - head
  • diagonal cut - shoulder
  • diagonal cut - hip
  • diagonal cut - leg
  • cutting from down up
  • horizontal cuts
  • fluent transition from cut to thrust and from thrust to cut

Seminar III - exercise drills and forms

  • moulinet I
  • moulinet II
  • first form - movements 1-7 generated from 2 basic circular sword motions, based on Dr. Plch
  • selected movement pairs from the First form.

Seminar IV - measure, initiative, body constructions

  • supporting sword techniques with body and footwork
  • measures
  • contact/contactless initiation techniques
  • how to initiate, how to move freely and fluently with sword
  • secure entry to measures, secure exit from measures

Seminar V - contact of blades

  • dialogue of blades, building of feeling through weapon and armed hand
  • halving the weapon, offensive use of cross, pommel
  • trading sides/cavazione
  • pressure and withstanding pressure by correct body construction in proper time
  • yielding
  • redirecting the pressure
  • batutta
  • sliding against opponent's blade
  • beating the blade
  • second form (quarta)
  • third form (quinta)

Seminar VI - using unarmed hand, wrestling

  • deflecting and controlling opponent's blade or hand with the unarmed hand
  • short distance work with weapon, half blade grip
  • transition from armed fight to wrestling
  • wrestling with weapon in one hand

Seminar VII - weapon and shield

  • sword and circular shield / kite shield / rectangular targe
  • 3 basic guards of shield - opened, closed, direct
  • changing guards
  • derived guards
  • shield workout
  • defensive use of umbo and edge
  • offensive use of umbo and edge
  • weapons synchronization
  • feeling exercises for shield hand and shield
  • different shield utilization ideas

Seminar VIII - spear

  • safety at work
  • different grip types, workout exercises
    • two hand grip - one third, sword-like, from above
    • high and low guard
    • single hand grip
    • under-arm single hand grip - knight grip
  • extending or shortening the reach
  • thrust at short, middle and long distance
    • line changes - high, low
  • slash with small and large circular tip motion
    • trade, beat
  • cut with spear tip
  • exercises to build up feeling during changes between high and low guard
  • tactics of single spearman
    • spear against weapon combination (single handed weapon + shield)
    • spear against spear
  • tactics of spearman in battle formation

Seminar IX - battle formation fight

Mandatory equipment is head protection (iron helmet with padding or sabre fencing mask), and protection of hands and torso.

  • march within the formation
  • loose linear formation of shields - edge to edge
  • tight linear formation of shields - edge to umbo
  • diagonal line
  • wedge
  • circle
  • changing first two fighter rows during fight (fighter rotation) in loose formation
  • tactics of first row fight
  • cooperation of first row fighters in linear formation
  • cooperation between first and second row in linear formation
  • usage of axes and spears to disband opposing formation

1 hour seminars

  • Building functional estimate of tempo and measure - how to recognize good fighting swordplay
  • Fist-held shields (viking shield, buckler)
  • Shield held by 2 straps/enarmes to forearm & wrist (almond/kite shield, heater shield, rectangular targe)
  • Sword and shield
  • Axe and shield
  • Spear and shield
  • Spear
  • Introduction to battle art of armed self defense by Giacomo di Grassi
  • Introduction to the art of duels with rapier by Salvator Fabris